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El ‘big data’ suma inversiones a un ritmo acelerado

ReadWriteWeb España - 20 Septiembre, 2014 - 04:00

La inversión en las tecnologías de datos masivos está incluida entre las prioridades de negocio de las organizaciones de la mayor parte del mundo según un estudio de Gartner. Una encuesta llevada a cabo por la consultora con el fin de investigar los planes de adopción del llamado big data, así como las soluciones que aporta y los desafíos a la hora de realizar su aplicación, revela que el 73% de las entidades analizadas han invertido o tienen intenciones de invertir en grandes volúmenes de datos en los próximos dos años, un incremento destacable si lo comparamos con los datos del 2013 que apuntaban a un 64%.

El estudio también indica un porcentaje menor de empresas sin objetivos de inversión en el desarrollo de tecnologías de datos masivos, así que del 31% registrado en 2013 ahora hay un 24% de empresas que no están interesadas en destinar fondos a este sector. En función de la división geográfica, América del Norte se clasifica en la primera posición de los territorios que más invierten en big data con un 47% frente al 37,8% en 2013, mientras que el resto de regiones han experimentado incrementos de la inversión en el último año, según los analistas de Gartner.

La consultora también profundiza sobre cuáles son los desafíos a los que mejor se hace frente gracias al uso de las tecnologías de datos masivos en muchas industrias. El estudio confirma que la mejora de la experiencia del cliente y el incremento de la eficiencia de los procesos son las áreas a las que impacta más positivamente el uso del big data:

Los cambios más importantes están en la mejora de la experiencia del cliente, especialmente en el sector de transporte, salud, seguros, medios y comunicaciones, comercio minorista y bancario. Otro ámbito en el que vemos un incremento de grandes volúmenes de datos es el de las organizaciones que desarrollan productos de información y buscan obtener beneficios económicos de sus datos. Esto es especialmente cierto en el caso de los proveedores de TI, sector público e industrial”, explica Lisa Kart, directora de investigación de Gartner.

Más allá de las ventajas que aporta el potencial del big data de cara a los procesos de las organizaciones, los expertos advierten de que su adopción no será un proceso fácil. Los mayores retos que empiezan a preocupar las entidades encuestadas pasan de la recopilación de datos a la obtención de habilidades necesarias para gestionar los grandes volúmenes de datos, así como la definición de las estrategias adecuadas, la obtención de financiación o la resolución de los problemas de la infraestructura.

La complejidad, según recoge el estudio de la consultora, viene determinada por la variedad de los datos. Las distintas fuentes que proporcionan datos a las organizaciones, desde redes sociales hasta dispositivos o sensores no sólo requieren una mayor capacidad de almacenamiento, sino también diferentes herramientas y los conocimientos necesarios para utilizarlas.

Las administraciones españolas podrían ahorrar miles de millones de euros usando el ‘big data’

El potencial de las tecnologías de datos masivos va más allá de los beneficios que aportan como herramientas de análisis avanzadas y se convierte en un recurso valioso para las actividades de las organizaciones. Un estudio elaborado por la consultora McKinsey y recogido por el Foro para la Colaboración Público-Privada TIC (CPP-TIC), revela que la integración de las tecnologías big data en las actividades de las administraciones españolas podría reducir el coste de sus actividades administrativas en un 15%, lo que supondría un ahorro de 13.000 millones de euros.

Según la directora general de Foro CPP-TIC, Beatriz Juliá, “como consecuencia de que las tecnologías big data son emergentes y disruptivas, hacen que se genere un nuevo terreno de actuación en el que se hace imprescindible la colaboración del sector público y el privado, asumiendo cada uno de ellos, la aplicación de las tecnologías y la gestión de las mismas”.

Por su parte, el presidente de la Fundación Big Data, Francisco Javier Antón Vique declara que “los retos más importantes a los que hay que hacer frente a corto plazo son la formación de ingenieros de datos con conocimientos específicos para este tipo de proyectos y la disponibilidad de infraestructuras de procesado eficientes que posibiliten la extracción de valor”.

Las dos entidades han firmado un acuerdo de colaboración cuyo objetivo es promover proyectos big data que permitan extraer valor a la gran cantidad de información almacenada por el sector público.

Imagen principal

 




Categorías: Cultura libre [es]

Human Ecosystems in São Paulo: the Real Time Museum of the City

P2P Foundation - 20 Septiembre, 2014 - 02:00

Source: http://human-ecosystems.com/home/human-ecosystems-in-sao-paulo-the-real-time-museum-of-the-city/

From September 23rd to 28th, as a parallel program of the International Meeting on Culture and New Technologies, the SESC Vila Mariana will hosts the Human Ecosystems project, by the Italian artists Salvatore Iaconesi and Oriana Persico (Art is Open Source).

Human Ecosystems is a global project which captures the real-time public conversations happening on major social networks in cities, to analyse them, to create real-time interactive visualisations, and transform them into a source of open data. “This is a crucial point”, states Iaconesi currently in Yale as a World Fellow 2014

“Social networks are our new Public Spaces: citizens are the only ones who do not have access to all this information. In Human Ecosystems we transform this information into a new digital commons, accessible by everyone”.

The event marks the launch of the project in Brazil, in partnership with the Metodista University of Sao Paulo, under the leadership of Dr. Fabio Josgrilberg and his research group, according to which

“It is an innovative and provocative project. Working with Salvatore and Oriana will stimulate research, as well as opportunities for collaboration with civil society”.

In Vila Mariana the Relational Ecosystem of the City will become a work of art in the “Real Time Museum of the City“.

Situated in the beautiful Atrium, visitors will be immersed in the real-time city, exploring the emotions, desires and issues discussed by citizens, understanding the flows of information and knowledge, and how people constantly form networks, and human constellations.

“It directly engages people’s perception and imagination”, points out Persico.

“When confronted with visualizations, people are surprised to discover that they are close or distant from each other, how people and organizations in the city are connected or distant, and more.
A new set of opportunities immediately becomes possible: to identify communities with similar, dissonant or complementary perspectives; people who are discussing issues of common interest; establishing contacts and forming new relationships. You can even start asking questions to the city: where do people go to have fun? Where do they talk about football, ecology, or punk music? Which roles do they assume in their communities? Possibilities for research and to gain a better understanding of the city’s social dynamics are endless”.

Together with the installation, a two day open workshop completes the experience.

Participants will learn how to use the Human Ecosystems platform to extract and visualize data, and use it to create new scenarios for the city of San Paulo: for culture, business, knowledge, policy making, participation, freedom.

According to Bruno Rondani, chair and founder of Wenovate,

“the exhibit, together with the workshop, will allow people to interact with data in a human and artistic perspective. This possibility itself is a great source of new other possibilities. We are very interested in the potential of the Human Ecosystems project to become a source, and even a tool, for people to develop projects and ideas related to the concept of innovative cities.”

Human Ecosystems is a global initiative. It has already started in Rome, Toronto, Montreal, Detroit, Istanbul, Cairo, and it is being used as a tool for planning, cultural policies, art, civic engagement.

In 2013 Human Ecosystems has been awarded the “Consequential Outcomes” Grant of the prestigious Eisenhower Fellowships.

 

For further information visit

The post Human Ecosystems in São Paulo: the Real Time Museum of the City appeared first on P2P Foundation.

Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Tor Challenge Inspires 1,635 Tor Relays

Electronic Frontier Foundation - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 23:07

Good news for whistleblowers, journalists, and everyone who likes to browse the Internet with an added cloak of privacy: the Tor network got a little stronger. Tor—software that lets you mask your IP address—relies on an international network of committed volunteers to run relays to help mask traffic. And that network is stronger now, thanks to the 1,000+ volunteers who participated in our second-ever Tor Challenge.

The goal of the Tor Challenge is simple: to improve the Tor network by inspiring people to run relays. These relays are the backbone of the Tor network; they're the machines that actually forward and anonymize Tor users' communications. We also see this Challenge as an opportunity to educate people about the value of Tor, address common misconceptions about Tor, and give technically oriented folks a concrete, somewhat measurable way of promoting freedom and privacy online.

This is the second time we’ve held this challenge, and the outpouring of support from the technical community far exceeded our hopes. When launching this campaign in June, we were hoping to surpass 549 participating relays—the total number of relays that took part in the challenge in 2011. And that was an ambitious number; 2011 was during the Arab Spring, and the EFF Tor Challenge was one small way that technologists could lend support to democratic activists who relied on Tor to organize and reach the larger Web. We hoped that this year we’d be able to inspire just as much participation.

The results far outstripped our hopes: we had nearly three times as many participating relays. That’s over 1,600 relays—either new or increased in bandwidth—helping to strengthen the Tor network.

Here’s a breakdown of the results:

  Tor Challenge 2011 Tor Challenge 2014 Exit Relays 123 326 Middle Relays 299 1203 Bridges 127 106 Total Participating Relays 549 1,635

One of the reasons this campaign was so successful was that we teamed up with three other organizations: the Free Software Foundation, Freedom of the Press Foundation, and the Tor Project. These organizations’ promotional efforts were key to the campaign’s success.

The other key? Over 1,000 individuals who cared enough to help contribute bandwidth to the Tor network. Our gratitude goes out to each of the participants. Thanks for making the Internet a little more private and a bit more resistant to censorship.

Special thanks to Dr. Karsten Loesing of the Tor Project for making these awesome graphs of the challenge.


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Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Court Lets Cisco Systems Off the Hook for Helping China Detain, Torture Religious Minorities

Electronic Frontier Foundation - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 20:30

Chinese citizens who suffered forced detention, torture, and a panoply of brutal human rights abuses at the hands of the Chinese government have been engaged in a high profile court case against Silicon Valley mainstay Cisco Systems for many years. Those Chinese citizens suffered yet another indignity in a California court a couple of weeks ago: a district judge dismissed the case against Cisco without even giving them the chance to gather evidence on the key point where the court found them wanting. The court noted that even though Cisco may have designed and developed the Golden Shield system for the purpose of tracking, identifying and facilitating the capture of Chinese religious minorities, Cisco would not be held liable because it didn’t do enough in the U.S. to facilitate human rights abuses. EFF attempted to file an amicus brief in the case after oral argument, but it was rejected.

The case seems high techit's about Cisco’s Golden Shield, a set of sophisticated technologies that include specific purpose-built parts for persecution of the Falun Gong.  But it’s actually fairly simple:  at what point does a company that intentionally builds tools that are specially designed for governmental human rights abuses become liable for the use of those tools for their intended (and known) purposes? 

No tech company should be held accountable when governments misuse general use products to engage in human rights abuses. This isn’t about bare routers or server logs. The case alleged and presented some strong early evidence that Cisco did far more – including:

  • A library of carefully analyzed patterns of Falun Gong Internet activity (or “signatures”) that enable the Chinese government to uniquely identify Falun Gong Internet users;
  • Highly advanced video and image analyzers that Cisco marketed as the “only product capable of recognizing over 90% of Falun Gong pictorial information;”
  • Several log/alert systems that provide the Chinese government with real time monitoring and notification based on Falun Gong Internet traffic patterns;
  • Applications for storing data profiles on individual Falun Gong practitioners for use during interrogation and “forced conversion” (i.e., torture);

It also included a presentation by Cisco to the Chinese authorities highlighting the special tools Cisco offered for persecuting what it called “Falun Gong evil religion.” Using such terms about any ethnic or religious group in an internal presentation regarding a government project should be a red flag for anyone concerned about human rights.

The court acknowledged these allegations, noting that the complaint alleges “individual features customized and designed specifically to find, track and suppress Falun Gong,” and that the tools were actually used for those purposes: “Golden Shield provided the means by which all the Plaintiffs were tracked, detained and tortured.” The complaint also alleged that much of Cisco’s work building the specific tools to target this religious minority was conducted from its San Jose offices.

In an ordinary lawsuit, those allegations, which are credible and in some places confirmed, would be enough to let a party get into the evidence phase of a case, passing a motion to dismiss. Think about federal criminal law, where all that is needed for a criminal conspiracy is an agreement to commit a crime and an overt act. Similarly, in patent and copyright law, the standard of “inducement” liability allows responsibility for someone else’s actions when someone “distributes a device with the object of promoting its use to infringe copyright, as shown by clear expression or other affirmative steps taken to foster infringement.”  And there is no question that some Cisco’s “overt acts” and “affirmative expressions” to foster human rights abuseslike designing and developing Falun Gong identification and tracking modulestook place in San Jose.

In fact, the US government felt that there was a sufficient nexus to the U.S. to launch an indictment of Megaupload in Virginia based on far fewer connections to possibly illegal acts by its customers in the U.S. than Cisco had with its Chinese governmental customers.  Good thing for Cisco that the Chinese government is just arresting, torturing and forcibly converting Falun Gong rather than committing copyright infringement. 

So why is the standard so much higher for engaging in torture or forced conversion than it would be for bank robbing or patent or copyright infringement? The answer is that it shouldn’t be. The key law relied upon in the case, the Alien Tort Statute, requires, after a 2013 Supreme Court decision called Kiobel v Royal Dutch Petroleum, that plaintiffs show that the matter “touch and concern” the United States in order for the case to proceed here. The phrase that is not defined and courts have not yet developed a unified approach to it, but the District Court here apparently decided that since the actual human rights violationsthe torture, forced conversions and arbitrary arrestoccurred in China, there wasn’t a sufficient nexus even though there were strong allegations that the specific technologies developed to target the Falun Gong for those abuses was intentionally and knowingly developed here.

We are deeply disappointed in the ruling and think the court got it wrong, as did an earlier court in Maryland. As our world becomes more networked, technology has the capacity to connect people worldwide to unlimited information and other people. But technological advances have also been abused by authoritarian regimes to repress people and to facilitate crimes against humanity. The Golden Shield in China has been a tool for social repression, censorship, surveillance like no other one earth, and China relied on it to hunt down, detain, imprison and “disappear” untold numbers of people.

As a great exporter of advanced technology, American companies like Cisco can’t plead ignorance about the ways in which our technology is used when they specifically and knowingly build the tools for those uses. And when a company like Cisco customizes and crafts technology for an authoritarian regime, it has a responsibility to consider the very human consequences of its actions. That’s why EFF has created guiding principles for technology companies to help them avoid assisting repressive governments. While the District Court here fell short short in holding companies accountable (it also failed to take into account a decision of the Ninth Circuit just days before that lowered the standard for holding companies like Cisco liable), we still have an opportunity to teach US companies to act in ways that respect and uphold human rights, both in the courts and elsewhere. Cisco may have blood on its servers, but other Silicon Valley companies can choose a different path.

Files:  10973373-0-28677.pdf
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Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Microsoft Kills Off Its Trustworthy Computing Group

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 19:42
An anonymous reader writes Microsoft's Trustworthy Computing Group is headed for the axe, and its responsibilities will be taken over either by the company's Cloud & Enterprise Division or its Legal & Corporate Affairs group. Microsoft's disbanding of the group represents a punctuation mark in the industry's decades-long conversation around trusted computing as a concept. The security center of gravity is moving away from enterprise desktops to cloud and mobile and 'things,' so it makes sense for this security leadership role to shift as well. According to a company spokesman, an unspecified number of jobs from the group will be cut. Also today, Microsoft has announced the closure of its Silicon Valley lab. Its research labs in Redmond, New York, and Cambridge (in Massachusetts) will pick up some of the closed lab's operations.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

School of Open Africa launch event in Kenya tomorrow!

Creative Commons - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 18:45

Following on the heels of School of Open Africa launch events in Tanzania and Nigeria last weekend, School of Open Kenya is hosting its own tomorrow to kick off training for four high schools in Nairobi.


(SOO logo here. Earth icon licensed CC BY by Erin Standley from the Noun Project.)

Called Popjam, this SOO launch event + Mozilla Maker Party will be a day-long workshop introducing high school students to open educational resources (OER). Students will learn how to use OER and the open web to complement their academic studies. Students from four high schools will participate: Precious Blood Secondary School, Nairobi School, Sunshine Secondary School, and State House Girls Secondary School. SOO Kenya is hosted by Jamlab, a co-creation community based in Nairobi for high school students and graduates in Africa.

For more information about the event, and to RSVP if you’re in Nairobi, visit the event page.

About Maker Party

School of Open and Creative Commons is excited to be partnering with Mozilla to celebrate teaching and learning the web with Maker Party. Through thousands of community-run events around the world, Maker Party unites educators, organizations and enthusiastic Internet users of all ages and skill levels.

We share Mozilla’s belief that the web is a global public resource that’s integral to modern life: it shapes how we learn, how we connect and how we communicate. But many of us don’t understand its basic mechanics or what it means to be a citizen of the web. That’s why we’re supporting this global effort to teach web literacy through hands-on learning and making with Maker Party.

About the School of Open

The School of Open is a global community of volunteers focused on providing free education opportunities on the meaning, application, and impact of “openness” in the digital age and its benefit to creative endeavors, education, and research. Volunteers develop and run courses, workshops, and real world training programs on topics such as Creative Commons licenses, open educational resources, and sharing creative works. The School of Open is coordinated by Creative Commons and P2PU.

Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Opportunity Missed: Why We're Not Thrilled By Restoration of PACER Access to "Old" Court Records

Electronic Frontier Foundation - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 17:21

The Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AO) announced on Friday that it would make reams of court records once again accessible through PACER, the federal courts' digital warehouse for its court files. Many advocates are cheering this decision. But we are not. It's a big missed opportunity to provide free access to this trove of court records.

Presumably the AO realized it had made a huge mistake last month when it abruptly removed access to thousands of “old” records from four courts of appeals and one bankruptcy court because access to the records was purportedly incompatible with the new electronic filing and retrieval system the AO was rolling out. Most of these records were not “old” at all. For one court, the Federal Circuit, the removal affected all records in closed cases filed prior to March 1, 2012. For the Second and 11th Circuits, the removal affected all records in closed cases filed prior to January 1, 2010.

Access advocates, including EFF, were understandably outraged by this action, especially given that it came without warning and no public discussion. And ultimately, members of Congress chimed in with their disapproval, including Sen. Patrick Leahy, the chair of the Judiciary Committee, who wrote a letter on Sept. 12 to Judge John Bates, the head of the AO, urging that public access to the documents be restored. Six representatives, led by Rep. Zoe Lofgren, made a similar request just yesterday.

But we also saw this as a unique opportunity for openness rather than as a strike against it.

For years, access advocates have railed against PACER because it is a fee-based service, charging 10 cents per page for search results and 10 cents per page for documents retrieved. Court documents and case files can be voluminous; these dimes quickly add up to prohibitive costs for researchers, historians, advocates, and anyone else without a large research bankroll. As a result, efforts to provide free access have sprung up, many of which we have written about before, such as Public.Resource.Org and Free Law Project. Several of these groups collaborated on RECAP, a Firefox and Chrome extension that allows PACER users to donate the documents they view to the Internet Archive, where they can then be accessed by other users without incurring fees.

The AO has always opposed such efforts. The free services compete with PACER. If those seeking to search and view court files used the free services instead of PACER, then the AO would reap less money in fees.

Thus the opportunity: with these records off PACER—for whatever reason—the AO had no financial interest in them and no argument to oppose free public access to these records. The AO could put the ex-PACER records online in bulk in a way by which they could be retrieved by third parties. These third parties could then make the records searchable and retrievable—for free. In fact, this is exactly what Public.Resource.Org and Free Law Project, using its CourtListener platform, suggested should happen in its August 27 letters to the affected courts. And perhaps such a move could set a precedent and encourage the AO and individual courts to regularly age their records off of PACER and make them freely available.

The restoration of access to these records through PACER is therefore coming at a significant lost opportunity cost. The AO once again has a fee-driven excuse to obstruct free access, and no incentive to facilitate free access.

Moreover, it is unclear exactly what access is being restored. The AO announced it is making the records available again by converting the docket sheets—the index pages for each case—to PDFs. These PDFs will presumably link to the court records. But it is unknown where the court records themselves actually reside, and what guarantees we have that access to them will be maintained. Moreover, by converting the dockets to PDFs, the searchability of the records will not be improved and could potentially be comically worse.

So we can't wholeheartedly cheer today's announcement. And it's one reason we'll continue to advocate for free access to court records and encourage lawyers and researchers to install RECAP to help build a free alternative to PACER.


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Categorías: Free Culture [en]

El robo de datos de tarjetas en Home Depot es aún mayor que el de Target

ReadWriteWeb España - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 16:00

A principios de mes, la cadena estadounidense de tiendas de bricolaje y herramientas Home Depot reconoció que estaba investigando una brecha de seguridad que habría facilitado el robo masivo de tarjetas de crédito entre sus clientes. Entonces no quiso especificar el número de afectados, pero ahora acaba de admitir que los datos de 56 millones de tarjetas podrían haberse visto afectados.

Con dicho volumen de “víctimas”, este ataque se sitúa por encima del último bombazo contra la seguridad de los comercios en Estados Unidos, el de los almacenes online Target, que en 2013 afectó a 40 millones de tarjetas de crédito.

Así lo publica el Wall Street Journal, que cita a Home Depot y explica que el ataque se habría estado llevando a cabo durante cinco meses. Según personas cercanas al asunto, Home Depot habría estado desarrollando un sistema para encriptar su sistema de pago en 2014, que ya ha sido completado, pero los ciberdelincuentes se las apañaron para derribarlo igualmente.

Fuentes de la investigación llevada a cabo por Home Depot han declarado que, en este caso, los cibercriminales han empleado un malware único y específicamente diseñado para esta misión, que no habría sido utilizado en ninguno de los otros ataques llevados a cabo este año contra grandes negocios en Estados Unidos.

El pasado 3 de septiembre publicábamos que el experto en seguridad Brian Krebs había alertado en su blog de la aparición de datos robados de tarjetas de crédito en webs que se dedican a la venta ilegal de esta información. Lo atribuyó a la posibilidad de un ataque masivo a los clientes de Home Depot, que cuenta con 2.200 establecimientos en Estados Unidos, y citó entonces que varios bancos se habían puesto en contacto con él para explicarle que el ataque llevaba en ejecución desde el pasado abril.

En esa misma entrada, Krebs también se aventuró a decir que los autores de este ataque podrían ser los mismos que los de la tienda Target, refiriéndose así a un grupo de ciberdelincuentes rusos y ucranianos que actúan contra objetivos europeos y estadounidenses, en represalia por las acciones de estos países contra Rusia en el conflicto de Ucrania.

Foto cc: Mike Mozart




Categorías: Cultura libre [es]

13 Principles Week of Action: While Australia Shirks Its International Human Rights Obligations, Australians Wait On The Rest Of The World to Act

Electronic Frontier Foundation - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 15:34

This is a guest post from Angela Daly and Angus Murray, members of the Policy and Research Standing Committee, Electronic Frontiers Australia. Angela is also a member of the Australian Privacy Foundation's board of directors.

Between 15th-19th of September, in the week leading up the first year anniversary of the 13 Necessary and Proportionate Principles, EFF and the coalition behind the Principles will be conducting a Week of Action explaining some of the key guiding principles for surveillance law reform. Every day, we'll take on a different part of the principles, exploring what’s at stake and what we need to do to bring intelligence agencies and the police back under the rule of law. You can read the complete set of posts at: https://necessaryandproportionate.org/anniversary. The Principles were first launched at the 24th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva on 20 September 2013.  Let's send a message to Member States at the United Nations and wherever else folks are tackling surveillance law reform: surveillance law can no longer ignore our human rights. Follow our discussion on twitter with the hashtag: #privacyisaright

13 Principles Week of Action: While Australia Shirks Its International Obligations, Australians Wait On The Rest Of The World to Act

One of the most important treaties of international human rights law is the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), which has been signed and ratified by most of the world’s countries. Contained within the rights and liberties set out in this treaty are the right to free expression (Art 19) and the right to privacy (Art 17). Although all of these countries have signed and ratified the ICCPR, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States have exhibited blatant disregard for the rights contained therein by forming the Five Eyes (FVEY) coalition of countries which engage in mass surveillance of their populations.

The ‘above the law’ existence of FVEY was only brought to the public’s attention as a result of Edward Snowden’s leaked documents, and was revealed to be fundamentally at odds with international human rights principles. Indeed, this lack of compliance with human rights has resulted in various legal challenges to the FVEY activity. One of these challenges has been spearheaded by advocacy group Privacy International, which has been tackling the UK arm of FVEY. Initially attempts to compel the release of information relating to the scope and powers of FVEY via Freedom of Information requests to Government Communications HQ (GCHQ) were denied. Now Privacy International has brought a claim before the European Court of Human Rights.

The essence of this claim is that the refusal to release this information is a violation of free expression as enshrined in Art 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The lack of public information about the exact nature of the FVEY partnership, given its impact on the rights to free expression and privacy of millions of people throughout the world, ought to be of grave concern to all. We in Australia are watching these developments overseas with great interest, particularly given the lack of means at our disposal to challenge aspects of FVEY and/or Australia’s very participation in the partnership and disregard for its international obligations.

Australians suffer from a lack of enforceable human rights compared to citizens of the other FVEY countries. While the ICCPR has been signed and ratified by Australia, the rights it contains are, on the whole, not actionable in national law. At the domestic level, Australia does have a written Constitution, but no comprehensive bill of rights. A weak right to political communication has been implied into the Constitution by the Australian courts, but its scope is very limited, and there remains no enforceable right to privacy. So as Australians we are left to watch developments in other FVEY countries, and hope that these challenges to mass surveillance and aspects thereof are successful.

Any striking down of the FVEY partnership by courts in other countries could possibly have spillover effects for Australians and their free expression and privacy rights. Thus they may cause the rights recognized in these other countries’ legal systems to have some positive extraterritorial reach in Australia. However, the fact remains that despite our country being an enthusiastic participant in FVEY’s mass surveillance activities and shirking from its international human rights obligations, we are disadvantaged compared to citizens of the other FVEY countries in our scant rights protection and must await developments in other parts of the world rather than be able to hold the Australian government to account for violations of our human rights.

Related Issues: InternationalSurveillance and Human Rights
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Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Nuevo Plan TDT: lío con las frecuencias, nuevas cadenas y dudas sobre la comunicación

Asociación de Internautas - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 15:15
El nuevo plan de TDT que prevé aprobar el Gobierno y que lleva preparándose en los despachos  más de un año deja muchas más interrogantes que certezas. En principio se licitarán cinco nuevas cadenas, aunque no queda claro cómo será ese proceso. El nuevo plan también generará dudas en la resintonización -que no pagará el gobierno- y en la Comunicación, para lo cual no hay un presupuesto definido y cuyos costes el ejecutivo querrá compartir con las televisiones. Un lío que deberá quedar resuelto antes de finales de este año ¿Tarea imposible?
Categorías: Cultura libre [es]

Canadian Regulator Threatens To Impose New Netflix Regulation

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 14:48
An anonymous reader writes: Netflix appeared before the Canadian broadcast regulator today, resulting in a remarkably heated exchange, with threats of new regulation. The discussion was very hostile — the CRTC repeatedly ordered Netflix to provide subscriber information and other confidential data. As tempers frayed, the Canadian regulator expressed disappointment over the responses from a company that it said "takes hundreds of millions of dollars out of Canada." The CRTC implicitly threatened to regulate the company by taking away its ability to rely on the new media exception if it did not cooperate with its orders.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Oracle pone la mira en las soluciones de gestión empresarial en la nube

ReadWriteWeb España - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 14:30

La nube se ha convertido en el nuevo campo de batalla de las grandes tecnológicas. Todas han ido paulatinamente llevando su oferta de software, plataforma e infraestructura al modelo de cloud computing, y Oracle no es una excepción. “Cloud es imparable. No es una nueva forma en la que las empresas queramos comercializar nuestro software sino que es el mercado el que lo demanda, así que lo que hemos hecho es dar una respuesta al mercado”, explicaba en un reciente encuentro con la prensa José Antonio Vender, Javo, responsable de preventa de ERP de Oracle Ibérica, en el que el portavoz detalló la estrategia de su compañía en el mundo de las soluciones de gestión (ERP, EPM y CRM) en la nube.

La de software como servicio es, de hecho, una de las áreas donde más ambiciones tiene depositadas la compañía. El objetivo de Larry Ellison, cofundador y hasta hace unas horas histórico CEO de la empresa, no es sino convertir a Oracle en el número uno del mundo en el segmento de SaaS, que en la actualidad domina Salesforce, firma creada, por cierto, por un exOracle, Mark Benioff, quien supo ver con tino hace  años la utilidad de ofrecer soluciones para la gestión de los clientes en la nube. “Pero Oracle puede crecer en áreas donde Salesforce no puede, porque nuestra oferta es mucho más amplia”, apuntó Vender en relación al líder de SaaS en el mundo y en España.

Una carrera de fondo

Durante los últimos años Oracle ha ido dando pinitos y preparando sus soluciones para ofrecerlas en formato cloud. “Nuestra oferta de aplicaciones en la nube es la más completa y moderna y permite la gestión desde procesos más innovadores”, indicó Vender, afirmando que el diferencial de la propuesta de Oracle respecto a sus competidores –obviamente no solo Salesforce, más centrado en la fuerza de venta, sino también el gigante del software empresarial SAP, con muchísima fuerza en el mundo ERP, especialmente en España, además de otros jugadores con los que se encuentra en el nicho de las pymes, como es Microsoft– descansa en cuatro pilares: “La movilidad, ya que ofrecemos aplicaciones de negocio accesibles desde móviles y tabletas; la colaboración y el aspecto social; la inteligencia aplicada, pues nuestras soluciones integran tecnología de BI; y una interfaz de usuario moderna, potenciada por la experiencia de usuario”.

Aunque si hay un aspecto que el portavoz destaca por encima de los rivales es el hecho de que Oracle haya creado un producto nuevo para cloud en el ámbito de la gestión. “SAP hace una comercialización de su software en la nube mientras que Oracle ha desarrollado un producto nuevo para la nube”, señaló, en referencia al nuevo ERP en la nube de Oracle (Oracle ERP Cloud) , que la empresa empezó a comercializar el pasado mes de mayo y del que ya empiezan a tener los primeros clientes en España.

Para atacar un mercado, como decíamos, claramente dominado por SAP, Oracle ha empezado a desarrollar toda una estrategia alrededor de sus partners, las consultoras e integradores. “Muchos de los partners con los que trabajamos, de hecho, lo hacen también con SAP. Pero nos estamos reuniendo con ellos para explicarles nuestra propuesta de valor y ahora tenemos un acercamiento tremendo. Creemos que nuestro ERP en la nube puede sustituir versiones obsoletas de SAP que tengan muchas empresas que ya no quieran ser cautivas de una plataforma on premise”.

También habrá muchas organizaciones que apuesten por otras soluciones de gestión en la nube de Oracle, por ejemplo la de planificación y presupuestación, el CRM o la de gestión de Recursos Humanos, como un complemento a las que ya tienen, según Vender: “Muchas grandes empresas prefieren llevar a la nube aplicaciones que no sean su core de negocio. En cualquier caso nuestros últimos estudios nos indican que el 75% de las compañías se plantean disponer de soluciones de EPM en la nube y el 50% tiene planes de adopción de soluciones ERP en modelo cloud”. En la actualidad, según Sonia del Caño, especialista en Soluciones EPM de Oracle Ibérica, la aplicación cloud de Oracle con mayor penetración en el mercado es precisamente la de planificación. A escala mundial la compañía tiene uno 90 clientes de EPM cloud y España es el primer país en Europa donde se ha vendido esta solución.

 

 




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Putin To Discuss Plans For Disconnecting Russia From the Internet

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 13:52
New submitter GlowingCat writes: Russian President Vladimir Putin and several high-ranking officials will discuss the security of the Russian segment of the Internet at the meeting of the Russian Security Council next week. According to various reports, the officials will make a number of decisions about regulating the use of the Internet in Russia. This includes the ability to cut off the Russian Internet, known as Runet, from the outside world, in case of emergency.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Putin To Discuss Plans For Disconnecting Russia From the Internet

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 13:52
New submitter GlowingCat writes: Russian President Vladimir Putin and several high-ranking officials will discuss the security of the Russian segment of the Internet at the meeting of the Russian Security Council next week. According to various reports, the officials will make a number of decisions about regulating the use of the Internet in Russia. This includes the ability to cut off the Russian Internet, known as Runet, from the outside world, in case of emergency.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Putin To Discuss Plans For Disconnecting Russia From the Internet

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 13:52
New submitter GlowingCat writes: Russian President Vladimir Putin and several high-ranking officials will discuss the security of the Russian segment of the Internet at the meeting of the Russian Security Council next week. According to various reports, the officials will make a number of decisions about regulating the use of the Internet in Russia. This includes the ability to cut off the Russian Internet, known as Runet, from the outside world, in case of emergency.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Putin To Discuss Plans For Disconnecting Russia From the Internet

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 13:52
New submitter GlowingCat writes: Russian President Vladimir Putin and several high-ranking officials will discuss the security of the Russian segment of the Internet at the meeting of the Russian Security Council next week. According to various reports, the officials will make a number of decisions about regulating the use of the Internet in Russia. This includes the ability to cut off the Russian Internet, known as Runet, from the outside world, in case of emergency.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Putin To Discuss Plans For Disconnecting Russia From the Internet

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 19 Septiembre, 2014 - 13:52
New submitter GlowingCat writes: Russian President Vladimir Putin and several high-ranking officials will discuss the security of the Russian segment of the Internet at the meeting of the Russian Security Council next week. According to various reports, the officials will make a number of decisions about regulating the use of the Internet in Russia. This includes the ability to cut off the Russian Internet, known as Runet, from the outside world, in case of emergency.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]
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