agregador de noticias

Vreixo González e Iago Veloso gañadores do Premio ao mellor PFC con licenza libre

Mancomun - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 03:52

Este venres 17 de outubro tivo lugar o acto de defensa dos 5 finalistas da VII edición do Premio ao mellor Proxecto de Fin de Carreira con Licenza Libre tralo cal procedeuse a dar a coñecer o fallo do xurado.

A Axencia para a Modernización Tecnolóxica de Galicia (Amtega) concedeu o Premio ao Mellor Proxecto Fin de Carreira con Licenza Libre a Vreixo González Caneda da Universidade da Coruña polo proxecto “Aplicativo de cálculo de rutas en transporte público con software libre” consistente no desenvolvemento dun aplicativo para o sistema operativo Android, que ofrece cálculo multimodal de rutas en distintos medios de transporte publico, a pé e en bicicleta co obxectivo de servir de ferramenta de busca das mellores rutas. Este recoñecemento ten unha dotación económica de 1.500 euros achegada polo CIXUG ao abeiro do Convenio de colaboración asinado coa AMTEGA.

Ademais, concedeuse tamén un segundo premio a Iago Veloso Abalo polo proxecto “ Sistema de grabación automática da emisión en directo dunha emisora de radio comunitaria con Software Libre” consistente nunha aplicativo web para a xestión da programación dunha radio comunitaria, así como dun sistema de gravación e publicación automática das emisións, cunha dotación económica de 750€ achegados pola Asociación GPUL, colaboradora da iniciativa ao abeiro do convenio de colaboración asinado coa AMTEGA.

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Categorías: Cultura libre [es]

Puls y Pono: músicos y ‘startups’ en DreamForce 2014

ReadWriteWeb España - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 03:37

Es bien conocida la afición de Marc Benioff, fundador y CEO de Salesforce, a la música y sus numerosos contactos en la industria. Tal vez ese haya sido el motivo para que dos músicos tan diferentes como Will.i.am y Neil Young hayan elegido Dreamforce, el evento anual de Salesforce en San Francisco, para presentar sus startups, ambos basados en nuevos dispositivos hardware pero tan distintos entre sí como lo son sus creadores.

Puls, el ‘wearable’ de Will-i.am que es mucho más que un reloj

Will.i.am , cantante y compositor del grupo The Black Eyed Peas, presentó en DreamForce 2014, Puls, un wearable que es mucho más que un smartwach como los conocíamos hasta ahora. Puls funciona sin la necesidad de un smartphone y es un dispositivo autónomo que necesita su propia SIM. Puls parece decidido a competir en un mercado, el de los smartwatches, que IDC prevé que alcanzará los 112 millones de unidades en 2018, eso sí se enfrentará en este mercado a rivales tan poderosos como Samsung o Apple.

En la espectacular presentación de Puls,tan perfecta en la forma que por un momento recordó al mismísimo Steve Jobs y sus presentaciones de iPhone, Will.i.am insistió en su interés por aunar los mundos de la moda y la tecnología con este dispositivo de cuidadísimo diseño, pantalla curva y tamaño bastante mayor que los smartwatches actualmente en el mercado.

Puls incluye su propio sistema de asistente personal y reconocimiento de voz, Anita, que promete superar en prestaciones al mismísimo Siri de Apple pero tiene otras prestaciones tan sorprendentes como una analizador del estado de ánimo del usuario mediante análisis de voz y otras más tradicionales como aplicaciones de fitness o , como no podía ser menos tratándose de un dispositivo diseñado por Will.i.am, un sofisticado reproductor de música gestionable con la voz o los gestos.

En cuanto al hardware, Puls tiene conectividad Wifi y Bluetooth, 1 GB.

Pono, la apuesta de Neil Young para reivindicar la música del siglo XX

Si Will.i.am presentaba un dispositivo del futuro, Neil Young presentaba uno para recuperar el pasado. En su presentación de Pono, mucho más minimalista que la del vocalista de los Black Eyed Peas, Young criticó los actuales formatos de música digital, especialmente MP3, y defendió la necesidad de formatos alternativos que permitan escuchar los álbumes de la época analógica tal y como sus autores, entre los que el genial músico canadiense se encuentra, los crearon.

Neil Young.

Pono es un reproductor, un formato y una plataforma online que permite escuchar música con calidad analógica. No es Pono, sin duda, un dispositivo para masas pero, en un mundo con tanto “visionario” del futuro, es tremendamente interesante la apuesta  de Young por recuperar la historia reciente, por no perder una parte fundamental de la cultura del siglo XX, por reivindicar el placer de lo analógico en un entorno de explosión digital.

 

Imagen cortesía de Salesforce (fotos realizadas por Jakub Mosur Photography).




Categorías: Cultura libre [es]

The Woman Who Should Have Been the First Female Astronaut

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 02:04
StartsWithABang writes We like to think of the Mercury 7 — the very first group of NASA astronauts — as the "best of the best," having been chosen from a pool of over 500 of the top military test pilots after three rounds of intense physical and mental tests. Yet when women were allowed to take the same tests, one of them clearly distinguished herself, outperforming practically all of the men. If NASA had really believed in merit, Jerrie Cobb would have been the first female in space, even before Valentina Tereshkova, more than 50 years ago. She still deserves to go.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

The Woman Who Should Have Been the First Female Astronaut

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 02:04
StartsWithABang writes We like to think of the Mercury 7 — the very first group of NASA astronauts — as the "best of the best," having been chosen from a pool of over 500 of the top military test pilots after three rounds of intense physical and mental tests. Yet when women were allowed to take the same tests, one of them clearly distinguished herself, outperforming practically all of the men. If NASA had really believed in merit, Jerrie Cobb would have been the first female in space, even before Valentina Tereshkova, more than 50 years ago. She still deserves to go.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

The Woman Who Should Have Been the First Female Astronaut

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 02:04
StartsWithABang writes We like to think of the Mercury 7 — the very first group of NASA astronauts — as the "best of the best," having been chosen from a pool of over 500 of the top military test pilots after three rounds of intense physical and mental tests. Yet when women were allowed to take the same tests, one of them clearly distinguished herself, outperforming practically all of the men. If NASA had really believed in merit, Jerrie Cobb would have been the first female in space, even before Valentina Tereshkova, more than 50 years ago. She still deserves to go.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

The Woman Who Should Have Been the First Female Astronaut

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 02:04
StartsWithABang writes We like to think of the Mercury 7 — the very first group of NASA astronauts — as the "best of the best," having been chosen from a pool of over 500 of the top military test pilots after three rounds of intense physical and mental tests. Yet when women were allowed to take the same tests, one of them clearly distinguished herself, outperforming practically all of the men. If NASA had really believed in merit, Jerrie Cobb would have been the first female in space, even before Valentina Tereshkova, more than 50 years ago. She still deserves to go.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

The Woman Who Should Have Been the First Female Astronaut

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 02:04
StartsWithABang writes We like to think of the Mercury 7 — the very first group of NASA astronauts — as the "best of the best," having been chosen from a pool of over 500 of the top military test pilots after three rounds of intense physical and mental tests. Yet when women were allowed to take the same tests, one of them clearly distinguished herself, outperforming practically all of the men. If NASA had really believed in merit, Jerrie Cobb would have been the first female in space, even before Valentina Tereshkova, more than 50 years ago. She still deserves to go.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

The Woman Who Should Have Been the First Female Astronaut

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 02:04
StartsWithABang writes We like to think of the Mercury 7 — the very first group of NASA astronauts — as the "best of the best," having been chosen from a pool of over 500 of the top military test pilots after three rounds of intense physical and mental tests. Yet when women were allowed to take the same tests, one of them clearly distinguished herself, outperforming practically all of the men. If NASA had really believed in merit, Jerrie Cobb would have been the first female in space, even before Valentina Tereshkova, more than 50 years ago. She still deserves to go.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

The Woman Who Should Have Been the First Female Astronaut

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 02:04
StartsWithABang writes We like to think of the Mercury 7 — the very first group of NASA astronauts — as the "best of the best," having been chosen from a pool of over 500 of the top military test pilots after three rounds of intense physical and mental tests. Yet when women were allowed to take the same tests, one of them clearly distinguished herself, outperforming practically all of the men. If NASA had really believed in merit, Jerrie Cobb would have been the first female in space, even before Valentina Tereshkova, more than 50 years ago. She still deserves to go.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

OpenHere – Digital Commons for an Equitable and Sustainable World

P2P Foundation - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 02:00

Both Vasilis Kostakis and myself Kevin Flanagan of the P2P Foundation will be participating in Openhere which is taking place in Dublin Ireland this coming November 14 – 16. If you are in Ireland and would like to learn a little more about what we do here at the P2P Foundation do come along.

3D printed goods, cryptocurrencies, digital sharing – just some of the disruptive online practices and technologies that are transforming and reshaping our economy. These innovative technologies have impacted the market, enabling new business models, evolving market conditions and transforming economic and social landscapes. However, the commodification and commercial adoption of these disruptive technologies has also raised concerns and questions in terms of access, control and sustainability. How can we develop these practices to not only support a digital commons, but also to support more equitable and sustainable worlds?

Openhere is a 3-day international festival and conference where online practices such as sharing, peer-production and open source meet real world material economies. The program brings together researchers, artists, engineers and activists to critically engage alternative economic models and digital currencies, open source hardware and ecology, and new forms of peer production and sharing happening at the intersection of digital and real world spaces. Sessions include talks, panel discussions, workshops and screenings.

Participants include: Benjamin Tincq, Brett Scott, Cathal Garvey, Chelsea Rustrum, Denisa Kera, Duncan McCann, Eli Gothill, Gawin Dapper, Geraldine Jua?rez, Graham Barnes, Kevin Flanagan(P2P Foundation), Lana Swartz, Linda Doyle, Lu?i? Smyth, Nigel Dodd, Nora O’ Murchu?, Peter Hanappe, Rachel O’Dwyer, The Robin Hood Cooperative, Sean Cubitt, Vasilis Kostakis (P2P Foundation) and more.

Topics include: Alternative Currencies | Open Sourcing Finance | Open Hardware | Distributed Manufacturing | Open Source Ecology | Peer Production | Sharing Economies

For more information, program details and to book a place: openhere.data.ie

Openhere is a joint initiative of (CTVR) The Telecommunications Research Centre in collaboration with the Dublin Art and Technology Association (D.A.T.A) and is supported by the Science Gallery , Trinity College Dublin.

The post OpenHere – Digital Commons for an Equitable and Sustainable World appeared first on P2P Foundation.

Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Organizaciones de consumidores desmienten la extrema fragilidad del iPhone 6

ReadWriteWeb España - 20 Octubre, 2014 - 02:00

Recientemente, Apple sufrió su propio escándalo viral con ocasión de la salida al mercado de los dos modelos de iPhone 6: el #Bendgate, una serie de vídeos que denunciaban que la nueva joya de la corona de Cupertino podía doblarse, sencillamente, haciendo fuerza con las manos. A raíz de aquello, se instaló el rumor de que el iPhone 6 era un dispositivo extremadamente frágil que podía llegar a deformarse por el simple hecho de llevarlo en el bolsillo. Aunque también arreciaron los críticas a lo poco científico del método usado en los vídeos del escándalo (cuando no se acusó a su autor, directamente, de manipulación).

Ante esta situación, varias asociaciones de consumidores decidieron ponerse manos a la obra y, con el objetivo de que el público pudiera elegir su terminal en base a criterios objetivos y verificados, se lanzaron a hacer tests científicos que aclarasen cuánto de cierto había en el rumor.

El test de Consumer Reports

Primero fue la asociación estadounidense Consumer Reports la que, tras someter a 6 modelos de smartphone de última generación a rigurosas pruebas de laboratorio (concretamente, al llamado “ensayo de flexión en tres puntos”, para el que se usó un equipo de alta precisión de la firma Instron), dictaminó que:

  • El iPhone 6 sí se dobla, y además sin posibilidad de recuperar después su forma original. Pero hacerlo dista mucho de ser sencillo: sólo se dobla tras aplicar sobre un punto concreto una presión superior a los 31 kilos… la misma fuerza necesaria para doblar el HTC One M8, y casi la misma que requiere partir con las manos desnudas 4 lapiceros al mismo tiempo.
  • El iPhone 6 Plus es aún más resistente: sólo cede al superarse los 40 kilos de fuerza.
  • Por otra parte, es cierto que los antecesores y rivales del terminal que nos ocupa le superan en resistencia: el iPhone 5 requiere superar los 59 kilos, y el Samsug Galaxy Note 3 fue el más resistentes al aguantar una presión de hasta 68 kilos.

El test de la Organización de Consumidores y Usuarios

Recientemente ha sido la propia OCU (Organización de Consumidores y Usuarios) quien ha llevado a cabo unas pruebas de laboratorio similares, en las que han comparado al iPhone 6 y al iPhone 6 Plus, con a otros smartphones de la competencia como el LG G3, el Samsung Galaxy Alpha, el Samsung Galaxy Note 3, el Samsung Galaxy S5 y el Sony Xperia Z2. Según su web, “la tranquilizadora conclusión es que si haces un uso normal, ninguno de estos móviles se te doblará fácilmente en el bolsillo”.

En estas pruebas, que podéis presenciar más abajo en un vídeo, los especialistas midieron primero cuánto se doblan los teléfonos en micras por metro (usando, para ellos, extensómetros), tras sentarse en diferentes posiciones y llevándolos en bolsillos distintos. En todos los casos, las deformaciones (leves) sólo aparecieron a partir de los 20 kilos de fuerza. Y sólo se doblaron una vez se les sometió al banco de pruebas. ¿Conclusión? los iPhones 6 no son los modelos más frágiles del mercado… y el Galaxy Note 3 de Samsung vuelve a repetir como modelo más resistente.




Categorías: Cultura libre [es]

If You're Connected, Apple Collects Your Data

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 19 Octubre, 2014 - 20:11
fyngyrz (762201) writes It would seem that no matter how you configure Yosemite, Apple is listening. Keeping in mind that this is only what's been discovered so far, and given what's known to be going on, it's not unthinkable that more is as well. Should users just sit back and accept this as the new normal? It will be interesting to see if these discoveries result in an outcry, or not. Is it worse than the data collection recently reported in a test version of Windows?

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

In UK, Internet Trolls Could Face Two Years In Jail

Slashdot YourRightsOnline - 19 Octubre, 2014 - 19:13
An anonymous reader writes with this news from The Guardian about a proposed change in UK law that would greatly increase the penalties for online incivility: Internet trolls who spread "venom" on social media could be jailed for up to two years, the justice secretary Chris Grayling has said as he announced plans to quadruple the maximum prison sentence. Grayling, who spoke of a "baying cybermob", said the changes will allow magistrates to pass on the most serious cases to crown courts. The changes, which will be introduced as amendments to the criminal justice and courts bill, will mean the maximum custodial sentence of six months will be increased to 24 months. Grayling told the Mail on Sunday: "These internet trolls are cowards who are poisoning our national life. No one would permit such venom in person, so there should be no place for it on social media. That is why we are determined to quadruple the six-month sentence.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.








Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Tiziana Terranova reports on Social Network Unionism Strategies in Europe

P2P Foundation - 19 Octubre, 2014 - 18:00

(via the networked labour mailing list; version without notes; this article introduces some new developments in p2p-driven labor strategies)

Tiziana Terranova:

“Over the past few years, European social movements have struggled to find new ways of cooperating and connecting in order to oppose the verticalization of European governance. Following the crash of 2008, in fact, a regime of austerity, that is severe cuts to public spending, has gone together with a remodulation of modes of welfare and work inspired by the German model. This model has seen the massive introduction of part-time, badly paid jobs (the so called *mini-jobs* ) which are part of a system of workfare where the state makes sure that everybody is forced to accept whatever job available through a new capillary control of recipients? lives. While the European Central Bank like the Federal Reserve has deployed quantitative easing, and inundated the financial system with money, none of this has effectively gone into the creation of new jobs, into expanding credit to consumers and business or to essential public services. The process of complete precarization of labor and increasing accumulation of wealth is thus unfolding along the lines of a geographical and ethnic division of labor which sees the European Union divided between centre and periphery, North and South, East and West with war pressing in on its Eastern and Southern borders.

The verticalization of European governance has thus reinforced a whole series of trends: “the attack on waged labor, the compression of union rights, the dequalification and privatisation of learning and research, the enclosure of common goods, a new government of labor mobility and the exploitation of migrant labor” (http://www.autistici.org/strikemeeting/). These considerations are central to the formation of a transnational space of action for social movements aiming to reverse the tide of complete neoliberalization of Europe and opening onto the global level as the only adequate dimension of struggle.

At the core of the summer school of the Euronomade free university network which took place in Passignano sul Trasimeno, Italy in September 2014 was the relation between this crucial importance of the geopolitical dimension in the unfolding of financial command over the productive cycle and new forms of unionism. The traditional trade unions have in fact proven themselves completely unable to answer new demands emerging out of a dispersed and individualized workforce which is no longer primarily assembled in factories (or only in the most transient form with high turnover of workers) but, as Stefano Harney has argued, through the expansion of the assembly-line by means of a generalized logistical infrastucture through the whole of society and across all geographical borders. It is in this context that what was once called peer production has become effectively integrated in the *keizen *line of logistics: synaptic labor performed under the mode of forced continous improvement spurred by performance metrics and analytics. (Harney 2014)

In a document authored by the Pisa-based Italian collective exploit directed at the usual technology hype of the Internet Festival 2014, the appeal of the mythology of the digital entrepreneurs has also been shown to be fading (eXploit 2014). While the latter continue to espouse the image of the Internet as a revolution induced by free market capitalism able to welcome new ideas and reward them with wealth while promoting social progress, it has in fact produced new monopolies and the progressive deterioriation of working and living conditions for the many. This is evident at all three levels of exploitation enacted by the digital economy as summarized by exploit: the material infrastructure of digital devices which is increasingly under the control of large multinational corporations mining minerals in Africa and able to outsource production where labor is less paid and protected; the immaterial level of software production, web services and crowdsourcing where labor is once again ever more precarious, underpaid and fragmented; and the large market in metadata which extracts value out of the most mundane acts of digital communication. This scenario postulates a “extractivist” model of accumulation where the inorganic, organic and the social strata are put to work, that is commanded and forced to yield surplus value, expressing new challenges and demanding new strategies. As the eXploit collective put it, the collective ?rewriting of the operating system? of the digital economy and the “breakdown of the rules of the market” appear as primary condition to reconquer that share of wealth produced by social cooperation but appropriated and controlled by the few.

The main challenge of organizing a labor force which unfolds throughout society and according to intermittent times lies in the strong individualisation of cognitive labor: “cognitive labor is labor without factories, as fixed place of exploitation and class recomposition which makes more difficult the formation of a class consciousness among cognitive workers. For the same reason? because of the temporal fusion between time of work and time of life, the old forms of blocking production are obsolete, if not impossible: the time of work is diffuse, not demarcated, and there is no factory as site of direct action”. This is the space of production that traditional trade unions are unable to organize as they have proceeded to become co-managers of the crisis and of the productive process within the boundaries of individual firms (as again in the German model). It is not by chance, maybe, that the only successful union struggles that have managed to achieve their goals have been those carried out by workers operating in the crucial sector of logistics. IKEA, Amazon and the Italian coop system have been hit by a wave of strikes organized by logistical workers who have been able to deploy the solidarity which emerges out of working physically together in the same space everyday with a successful reconstruction of the topology of the whole network of valorization. Maybe being aware of being part of the speculative logistical assembly-line of continuous performance improvement is an advantage in this configuration. Research discussed at the summer school about the strike of Amazon logistical workers in Germany have pointed out the importance of the “existential” dimension in triggering participation: the feeling of being a cog in the machine, of not having an input in the process constituted one of the factors which distinguished workers who joined the strike from those who didn’t.

As an answer to these challenges, Alberto De Nicola and Biagio Quadrocchi, have proposed to redeploy the tradition of “social unionism” as a way to ?connect the different experiences of struggle which, within and outside organized unions, oppose the blockage of social conlifct and the pacifying role of traditional forms of union? (De Nicola and Quattrocchi 2014). The effort goes into thinking of a common name able to account for the “proliferation of dispositifs of struggle” which are reconfiguring the form of the union pointing to the invention of a new “form of unionism”. As in the tradition of social unionism, the urgency is how to reconnect various experiences of struggles which have sedimented over the: the experiences of occupation of social spaces and houses, conflicts around a democratic reappropriation of welfare and the diffusion of new mutualisms and forms of organization of autonomous and precarious labor, demand a better connection. The use of the term ?social unionism? applied to practices which do not recognize themselves as such is meant to produce a new perspective able to connect these experiences. De Nicola and Quattrocchi deploy the term “social” in social unionism as a means to indicate the level of connection breaking through the dispositifs of “confinement” which have kept these experiences as separate instances.

The concept of “social unionism” has been rediscovered in militant milieus at the same time as its first practical implementation was deviced and launched: the ?social strike? called for by a network of activists who met for three days in Rome in September 2014 (Italians, but also French, Greek, German, Spain and Portugal) which is going to unfold through a series of events in view of the first official date of November the 15th 2014 (Strike Meeting 2014). The platform of the strike composes all the instances emerging out of the world of :work and education, of not-work and social cooperation”. The platform is crucially centered on the demands for a “new welfare” or “welfare of the common”: the right to housing, an income unlinked from waged work, a European minimum wage, free access to education, rejection of the subjection of the school and university system to the logic of the enterprise?. The notion of a *commonfare* which would not only guarantee a minimum income, but also able to refound the old institution of welfare around a process of co-production where services are no longer delivered but co-produced is crucial in the domains of health and education provision, but also housing, management of natural resources, and insurance. The social strike proposes to be a permanent experiment of invention and diffusion of forms of strikes that can be practiced also by those who cannot strike according to the traditional model: the unemployed, the precarious, the domestic worker, the crowdworker, the migrant without official documents. It thus aims to redeploy, reconnect and invent all forms of strike: ?the general strike of waged labor, the strategies of blockages and occupation experimented by precarious workers and urban dwellers, the strike of those who cannot strike, netstrikes, strikes within the spaces of education, the gender strike A kaleidoscope of practices to patiently construct through a series of territorial strike labs? (Strike Meeting 2014)

The social strike launched in September crucially includes the “digital strike” as one of its components. The importance of social networks in organizing, connecting and amplifying various struggles is undeniable, but with the years we have witnessed a growing awareness of the ways in which the social Internet has been reconfigured to become a space which operates according to a logic of security, working often in tandem with mainstream media to marginalize activists. During the BlockBCE event – which was also included in the series of events composing the social strike as permanent mobilization and which saw a rally of activists contesting the meeting of the European Central Bank in Naples, Italy – mainstream media and Facebook for example worked together to marginalize and contain the risk of contagion. This was not an intentional effect, wanted by and aimed for, as much as the result of a kind of automatic logic of security as it permeates both public discourse and communication technologies. The production of ?toxic narratives? and ?order words? by the media, the construction of activists as violent extremists, the action of police on the ground who pressured citizens and shopkeepers to close and keep indoors for the duration of the rally, are the first side of the double pincer attempting to block the generalization of the social strike, containing it as a kind of contagion. The second side of the pincer is the algorithmic calculation that reinforces and modulates the tendency of social networks to decompose into sub-networks, where most acts of communication fail to expand beyond a close numbers of related contacts and the diffuse sense of surveillance which as even corporate-funded research acknowledges produces a kind of new conformism on the Internet, a fear of ending up in the wrong database (Crawford 2014) . If the rally in Naples against the European Central Bank managed to break the siege that wanted activists to march alone in an empty city to perform a ritualized clash able to provide suitable images for the media by changing route and marching through the city, collecting solidarity and encouragement on the way, other strategies need to be deviced to break the circle that confines the social strike event within social network platforms.

The social strike launched in Rome in September has started experimenting with some strategies to break this process of marginalization on the Internet: the design of standardized but customizable images to be used as profile pics on social networks was one such level; the second was the twitter campaign launched on the 10th of october during the strike of students and of the school sector which pushed the hashtag #socialstrike to the rank of second highest trending topic. In the future, as part of the permanent laboratorial character of the social strike, new tactics could be experimented and redeployed: Anonymous-style Denial of Service Attacks, but also experimentation with hyper-popular forms of social network culture such as personality tests, games, viral links factories etc. The digital strike can thus become a new form of strike able to work synergetically with a long-term process of expansion and remodulation of strike tactics in a social unionism framework. The logic of social unionism, linking territorial labs and digital networks, posing together the establishment of long-term sites of elaboration of tactics and strategies, physical and digital action, carries the struggle of labor on that field of indistinction where work and life, digital and physical merge.”

The post Tiziana Terranova reports on Social Network Unionism Strategies in Europe appeared first on P2P Foundation.

Categorías: Free Culture [en]

Lo mejor de la semana en TICbeat (13 a 19 octubre 2014)

ReadWriteWeb España - 19 Octubre, 2014 - 16:00

La semana del 13 al 19 de octubre ha estado protagonizada por el lanzamiento de nuevos dispositivos de las grandes compañías tecnológicas en liza en este mercado: Google y Apple. La primera ha presentado un nuevo móvil y una tableta (Nexus 6 y 9), además de actualizar su sistema operativo Android (a la versión Lollipop) mientras que la segunda ha renovado sus tabletas con dos nuevos modelos de iPad (iPad Air 3 y iPad Mini 3). Las consecuencias del Canon Aede, en caso de que se apruebe en España, y la financiación de la congelación de óvulos a sus empleadas por parte de Apple y Facebook han sido dos temas de los más leídos, por la polémica que suscitan.

 

Cinco preguntas y una conclusión para entender el Canon AEDE

El Canon AEDE modificará, si sale adelante, aspectos fundamentales del funcionamiento de la red en nuestro país, y eso a su vez acarreará diversas consecuencias de calado, ninguna de ellas positiva. En este artículo damos respuesta de la forma más simple y clara posible a las preguntas más importantes en relación al asunto para entenderlo. Leer más

 

Twitter permitirá a sus usuarios escuchar iTunes y Soundcloud desde su plataforma

Twitter está introduciendo una nueva funcionalidad en su plataforma que permite a los usuarios escuchar cortes de audio de iTunes y Soundcloud desde la propia red social sin necesidad de interrumpir ni modificar su navegación por ella. Leer más

 

Apple renueva sus tabletas y presenta iPad Air 2 e iPad Mini 3

La empresa de Cupertino renovó en septiembre su teléfono móvil, el iPhone. Ahora le ha llegado el turno al iPad, su tableta. La empresa ha presentado dos modelos: el iPad Air 2 y el iPad Mini 3, a los que dota de lector de huellas con vistas al uso de su plataforma de pago móvil, que arranca el 20 de octubre en Estados Unidos. Leer más

 

Google presenta Nexus 6 y Nexus 9, el último envite de Google en teléfonos y tabletas

La compañía de Mountain View ha presentado esta semana una nueva versión de su sistema operativo Android, la 5.0, llamada Lollipop, que vendrá de serie en dos nuevos dispositivos también lanzados un día antes de la presentación de Apple: un teléfono inteligente, el Nexus 6, fabricado por Motorola y de casi 6 pulgadas (estaría, por tanto, en la gama de los phablets, a caballo entre un teléfono y una tableta), y una tableta, Nexus 9, de casi 9 pulgadas. A estos se ha unido también Nexus Player, dispositivo de entretenimiento multimedia por 99 dólares. Leer más

 

SAP arropa su estrategia ‘cloud’ con la tecnología de IBM

SAP ha elegido a IBM como principal proveedor de infraestructura como servicio para ofrecer su servicio de HANA bajo esta modalidad de suministro de TI. Con esta alianza SAP suma los 40 centros de datos de que dispone IBM para dar servicios cloud a los suyos propios, que ascienden a 20. Desde SAP recuerdan que el servicio HANA Enterprise Cloud ya está disponible a través de la nube de IBM (ambas compañías ya tenían un acuerdo al respecto) pero ahora se ampliará a los principales mercados con la incorporación de los centros de datos cloud de IBM. Leer más

 

Apple y Facebook financiarán la congelación de óvulos de sus empleadas

En el debate sobre el techo de cristal que impide a las mujeres alcanzar la cumbre del éxito profesional han surgido voces que defienden un nuevo camino hacia una supuesta igualdad de oportunidades: la congelación de óvulos. Es un tratamiento costoso y sin garantías totales de éxito, pero dos grandes tecnológicas, Facebook y Apple, han decidido promoverlo entre sus empleadas. La iniciativa ha suscitado numerosas voces críticas al respecto. La polémica está servida. Leer más 

 

Dropbox niega que se hayan robado contraseñas en su servicio

El lunes la alarma se extendió entre muchos usuarios de Dropbox, después de que se publicara que un grupo de hackers había robado siete millones de nombres de usuario y contraseñas del conocido servicio de alojamiento en la nube. Sin embargo, el equipo de la plataforma desmiente que se haya producido brecha de seguridad alguna en sus servidores. Leer más 

Salesforce quiere ser la plataforma que permita a las organizaciones poner al cliente en el centro de su negocio

En Dreamforce 2014, que TICbeat ha estado cubriendo en directo, Marc Benioff, CEO de Salesforce, explicó la visión que tiene para su compañía: que ésta sea la Customer Success Platform, una plataforma centrada en la experiencia de cliente que aglutine las tecnologías que las empresas necesiten para poner a sus clientes en el centro de su negocio. Leer más 

 

Google prueba su servicio Helpouts con médicos

Hace poco menos de un año que Google lanzó su servicio Helpoutshangouts o videoconferencias en directo con profesionales y expertos que puedan ofrecer ayuda a un usuario sobre un tema concreto, ya sea cocina, maquillaje o yoga. El gigante de Internet baraja ahora introducir a médicos en el servicio. Leer más

 

Europa se sube al tren del ‘big data’

El Viejo Continente ha decidido tomar cartas en el asunto para subirse a tiempo a un tren que cada vez marcha a más velocidad: el del big data o los macrodatosLa Comisión Europea ha anunciado que desembolsará 500 millones de euros para crear, junto a los grandes de esta industria, agrupados en la Big Data Value Association (entre los que se hallan empresas como Atos, Nokia Soluciones y Redes, Orange, SAP, Siemens, IBM, Thales o Indra, organismos de investigación como Fraunhofer y el Centro alemán de investigación sobre la inteligencia artificial, además de universidades como las de Bolonia o la Politécnica de Madrid, entre otras), y que destinarán otros 2.000 millones, una asociación público-privada cuyo fin es reforzar este sector y poner a Europa en la vanguardia de la carrera mundial de los datos. Leer más

 




Categorías: Cultura libre [es]

Las últimas voluntades de los soldados de la Gran Guerra, en Internet

ReadWriteWeb España - 19 Octubre, 2014 - 14:00

En un cementerio de la I Guerra Mundial en Ypres, Francia, diez soldados británicos de edades comprendidas entre los 18 y los 34 años yacen enterrados uno al lado del otro. Provenían de diferentes zonas del Reino Unido, eran miembros de diferentes regimientos y murieron en diversos lugares en momentos diferentes. Sin embargo, la consulta de los últimos deseos de estos diez soldados en el nuevo archivo online británico que contiene los testamentos de los soldados de la I Guerra Mundial muestra que la mayoría legó sus pertenencias a sus madres.

En plena moda por la organización de iniciativas vinculadas al centenario de la Gran Guerra (ya abordamos algunas de ellas en TICbeat), y coincidiendo con el centenario de la Primera Batalla de Ypres acaecida el día 19 de octubre de 1914, se han hecho públicas estas voluntades personales que hasta ahora habían formado parte de un archivo británico compuesto por 278.000 documentos de la I Guerra Mundial, digitalizados y disponibles ahora en la Red. Este archivo forma parte de una colección aún mayor que agrupa 41 millones de testamentos custodiados por la compañía Iron Mountain (líder en servicios de custodia y gestión de la información, que posee 20 millones de metros cuadrados repartidos en cerca de 1.000 instalaciones de 36 países) por encargo de la Corte y el Servicio de Tribunales de Su Majestad (HMCTS).

Tras ser estudiados junto a cartas escaneadas de soldados alemanes, franceses y holandeses que también cayeron durante el conflicto y disponibles en un nuevo archivo europeo de 1914-1918, estos documentos revelan que los sentimiento de estos jóvenes británicos no diferían en nada de los del resto de soldados de su generación: lejos de casa, atrapados en trincheras y bajo el fuego, los soldados de todos los bandos se preocupaban por sus madres, hermanas y esposas y dejaron mensajes de amor en trozos de papel, documentando sus días en sus diarios de bolsillo que dejaron en sus uniformes.

“El mes de agosto de 1914 fue el inicio de uno de los conflictos más sangrientos de la historia moderna. Cuando se terminó, aproximadamente 10 millones de soldados habían perdido la vida”, comenta Ignacio Chico, Director General de Iron Mountain España. “Muchos de ellos eran hombres corrientes que habían respondido con entusiasmo a la llamada de sus países en busca de voluntarios y estos deseos son un testamento vivo de sus ganas de servir a la patria. Dejaron pocas pertenencias aparte de este registro escrito, lo que se convierte en todo un legado de estos hombres normales que vivieron y murieron en un momento histórico. Este tesoro documental es de inmenso valor para historiadores, especialistas en genealogía y descendientes, el primero que existe de este tipo. Ha servido para añadir una rama perdida a muchas familias, las cuales supieron de su existencia, hasta el momento ignorada”.

“Ahora, gracias a la última tecnología de digitalización y almacenamiento de documentos, estos frágiles deseos, cartas y notas dejadas por los soldados caídos se conservarán para siempre, contando las historias que ellos no pudieron contar en persona al volver a sus casas”.

Imagen | Archives New Zealand via photopin cc




Categorías: Cultura libre [es]

P2P Theory: The War of Maneuver vs War of Position

P2P Foundation - 19 Octubre, 2014 - 13:38

“Politics isn’t, first and foremost, a matter of making allegations and raising awareness; there is no one straw that breaks the camel’s back, and what’s bad can be tolerated indefinitely. Instead, it is a sort of shedding of the skin, by which we become sensitive to this or allergic to that. Nor has it much to do with convincing (discourse), or seducing (marketing), but rather with opening all sorts of spaces to experience another way of living, another definition of reality, another vision of the world. In the struggle for hegemony, the skin – yours, mine, everyone’s – is the battlefield.”

It seems to me that the p2p transition is mostly a ‘war of position’, see below for the explanation of Gramsci’s theory on this.

Excerpted from Amador Fernández-Savater:

“Gramsci enters the debate making a distinction between a “war of maneuver” and a “war of position”. The concept of class struggle as war, described in military strategy terms, was prevalent in the Marxism of the time. What’s more, Gramsci was writing from Mussolini’s prison, and continually obliged to come up with new metaphors to evade censorship. Paradoxically, his use of cryptic and elusive language, rather than classical Marxist vocabulary, made Gramsci’s work a thousand times more useful as a source of inspiration for future readers.

Okay, so, the key features of the “war of maneuver” are: speed, limited appeal, and frontal attack. Gramsci makes his arguments via Trotsky’s “permanent revolution”, George Sorels’ general strike, Rosa Luxembourg´s worker insurrection and, particularly, the Leninist power grab. These images of revolutionary change clash, time and again, with European and Western reality: the bloody repression of the Spartacist movement in Germany (1918), the disbanding of worker’s councils in Italy during the Bienno Rosso (1919-20), and so on. To avert a predictable sense of frustration and to keep actively aspiring to social change, we have to reimagine revolution.

Writing behind bars, Gramsci reflects that the war of maneuver can only succeed where society is relatively independent from the State, and civil society (ie., institutions interrelated with State power: justice, media, etc.) is basic and unstructured, as was the case in Russia. By contradiction, Western Europe’s civil society was extremely solid, and acted as an “entrenchment and fortification to protect social order. It seems as if economic catastrophe has decisively breached the enemy position, but this remains a superficial effect, for behind it lies an efficient line of defense”.

Gramsci critiques the “historical mysticism” (revolution as a miraculous enlightenment) and economic determinism (the supposition that economic collapse will trigger the revolutionary process) and posits a new strategy, an alternate image for social transformation: the “war of position”. The defining feature of the war of position is the affirmation and development of a new vision of the world. Each of our daily actions, according to Gramsci, holds an implicit vision (or philosophy) of the world. Revolution disseminates a new vision – along with other expressions – of the world that slowly leaks power away from the old vision to, finally, displace it. This process is described by Gramsci as the “construction of hegemony”. No power will last long without hegemony, without control of the expressions of everyday life. It’d be domination sans legitimacy, power reduced to pure repression and fear. The taking of power must, therefore, be preceded by a “taking” of civil society.”

Thus, the war of position, unlike the war of maneuver, is more an infiltration than an assault. A slow displacement, rather than an accumulation of forces. A collective and anonymous movement, rather than a minority and centralised operation. A form of indirect, everyday and diffuse pressure, rather than a concentrated and simultaneous insurrection (but, make no mistake, Gramsci doesn’t exclude insurrection at any stage, but subordinates it to the construction of hegemony). And, above all, based on the building and development of a new definition of reality. This, as explained in the words of the philosopher Cornelius Castoriadis as “what counts and what doesn’t count, what makes sense and what doesn’t, a definition not inscribed in books, but on the very being of things: the actions of human beings, their relations, their organization, their perception of what is, their affirmation and search for what counts, the materiality of the objects they produce, use and consume”.

Politics isn’t, first and foremost, a matter of making allegations and raising awareness; there is no one straw that breaks the camel’s back, and what’s bad can be tolerated indefinitely. Instead, it is a sort of shedding of the skin, by which we become sensitive to this or allergic to that. Nor has it much to do with convincing (discourse), or seducing (marketing), but rather with opening all sorts of spaces to experience another way of living, another definition of reality, another vision of the world. In the struggle for hegemony, the skin – yours, mine, everyone’s – is the battlefield.”

Two Examples: Christianity and the Enlightenment

To illustrate his argument for another idea of revolution, Gramsci offers two examples: Christianity and the Enlightenment. It’s quite curious: he utilizes a religious reform and an intellectual overhaul as models to conceptualise the political revolution he longs for. In both examples, the determining catalyst of change is a new definition of reality.

In the case of Christianity, it’s the idea that Christ has resurrected and there is life after death. Christianity coalesces around this “good news” that filters through every crack left behind by the old pagan world. The interesting feature is that the first Christians avoided power. Instead, their actions ultimately led power to come to them, as exemplified by the conversion of Emperor Constantine in the 4th Century A.D. The lesson of the first Christians would be: don’t fight directly for power, be the message-bearer of a new concept of the world, and, finally, the power shall fall (into your hands).

In the case of the Enlightenment, it’s the idea that all persons are of equal worth, as beings gifted with reason. The Enlightenment was the movement that spread this idea, in salons, clubs or encyclopediae. In the end, remarks Gramsci, once the French Revolution actually took place, it had already be won. Domination has no legitimacy because this new concept of the world has silently displaced the old, overtaking the powers of the Old Regime without them even noticing. The lesson from the Enlightened would be: the revolution is won before the revolution takes place, through the elaboration and expansion of a new image of the world.

These are the examples mentioned by Gramsci, who died in prison in 1937. But the 20th century has surely offered us other examples much closer to our own experience. Take, for example, the Gay Rights Movement. A movement both seen and unseen, formal and informal, political and cultural, that completely transforms the common perception regarding affective and sexual differences and goes on to effect legislative change. Or the Civil Rights Movement. Martin Luther King Jr. explained that the irresistible strength of the movement resided in overcoming the deeply internalised feelings of inferiority by confronting the opponents as equals (in civil disobedience campaigns, for example). An uprising in dignity that spurred modifications in the laws of the land.”

Translated by Stacco Troncoso, edited by Jane Loes Lipton

The post P2P Theory: The War of Maneuver vs War of Position appeared first on P2P Foundation.

Categorías: Free Culture [en]
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